all the beautiful gopis Srimati Radharani is the best. Radharani is the queen
of Vrndavana. She has many famous friends, headed by Lalita and Visakha.
Sri Krsna, the cowherd prince whose charming sweetness
has no equal or superior, is very dear to Srimati Radharani. She considers
Him millions and millions of times more dear than Her own life's breath.
Now the beauty of Srimati Radharani's trancendental
form will be described. Srimati Radharani is expert in all the fine arts
and Her transcendental form is like an ocean of nectar. Her splendid bodily luster is like the yellow pigment
gorocana, molten gold, or stationary lightning. She wears wonderfully beautiful blue garments and She
is decorated with various pearls and flowers.
She is very beautiful and She has long nicely braided
hair. She is decorated with a garland of flowers and a beautiful pearl
necklace. Her splendid forehead is decorated with the red pigment
sindura and with beautiful locks of curling hair.
Decorated with blue bangles, Her arms have defeated
Cupid's staff with their beauty. Decorated with black mascara and reaching back almost
to Her ears, Srimati Radharani's lotus eyes are the most beautiful in all
the three planetary systems. Her nose is as beautiful as a sesame flower and it is
nicely decorated with a pearl. She is anointed with various perfumes. She
is splendidly beautiful.
Her ears are decorated with wonderful earrings and Her
nectarean lips defeat the red lotus flowers. Her teeth are like a row of pearls and Her tongue is
very beautiful. Decorated with a nectarean smile of pure love for Krsna,
Her beautiful face is a splendid as millions of moons.
The beauty of Her chin has defeated and bewildered the
demigod Cupid. Decorated with a drop of musk, Her chin appears like a
golden lotus flower with a bumblebee. Bearing all the marks of wonderful beauty, Her neck is
decorated with a string of pearls. Her neck, back and sides are
Her beautiful breasts are like two splendid waterpots
covered with a bodice and decorated with a necklace of pearls. Her
beautiful enchanting arms are decorated with jeweled armlets. Her arms are
also decorated with jeweled bracelets and other kinds of jeweled ornaments.
Her hands are like two red lotus flowers illuminated by the series of
moons that are Her fingernails
Srimati Radharani's hands are decorated with many
auspicious markings such as the signs of the bumblebee, lotus, crescent
moon, earring, parasol, sacrificial post, conchshell, tree, flower, camara
and svastika. These auspicious marks are manifest in various ways on
Srimati Radharani's lotus hands. Her splendidly beautiful fingers are also
decorated with jeweled rings.
Charming, full of sweet nectar and decorated with a
deep navel, Srimati Radharani's beautiful waist enchants the three worlds.
Her sloping hips lead to Her charmingly beautiful
slender waist, which is bound by a creeper of three beautiful folds of
skin and decorated with a sash of tinkling bells.
As beautiful as two exquisite plantain trees, Her
thighs enchant the mind of Cupid. Her beautiful knees are like two
reservoirs filled with the nectar of various transcendental pastimes. Her beautiful lotus feet are decorated with jeweled
ankle-bells and Her toes with toe rings as beautiful as the treasure of
Varuna. The auspicious markings on Srimati Radharani's lotus
feet include the signs of the conchshell, moon, elephant, barleycorn, rod
for controlling elephants, chariot flag, small drum, svastika and fish.
Srimati Radharani is fifteen years old and full of the
luster of youth.
Yasoda-devi, the queen of the cowherds, is more
affectionate to Radharani than millions of mothers can be. Radharani's
father is King Vrsabhanu, who is as splendid as the sun.
Srimati Radharani's mother is Kirtida-devi, who is also
known in this world as Ratnagarbha-devi. Radharani's paternal grandfather
is Mahibhanu and Her maternal grandfather is Indu.
Her maternal grandmother is Mukhara-devi and Her
paternal grandmother is Sukhada-devi. Her father's brothers (Her uncles)
are Ratnabhanu, Subhanu and Bhanu.
Bhadrakirti, Mahakirti and Kirticandra are Radharani's
materal uncles. Menaka-devi, Sasthi-devi, Gauri-devi, Dhatri-devi and
Dhataki-devi are Radharani's materal aunts.
Radharani's mother's sister is Kirtimati-devi, whose
husband is Kasa. Radharani's father's sister is Bhanumudra-devi, whose
husband is Kusa.
Radharani's elder brother is Sridama and Her younger
sister is Ananga-manjari. Radharani's father-in-law is Vrkagopa and Her
brother-in-law is Durmada.
Jatila-devi is Radharani's mother-in-law and Abhimanyu
is Radharani's so-called husband. Kutila-devi, who is always eager to find
fault, is Radharani's sister-in-law.
Lalita, Visakha, Sucitra, Campakalata, Ranga-devi,
Sudevi, Tungavidya and Indulekha are the eight dearest friends of Srimati
Radharani. These gopis are considered the leaders of all the others.
Kurangaksi, Mandali, Mankiundala, Matali, Candralalita,
Madhavi, Madanalasa, Manjumedha, Sasikala, Sumadhya, Madhureksana, Kamala,
Kamalatika, Gunacuda, Varangada, Madhuri, Candrika, Prema-manjari,
Tanumadhyama, Kandarpa-sundari and Manjukesi are among the millions of
dear friends (priya-sakhi) of Srimati Radharani.
Lasika, Kelikandali, Kadambari, Sasimukhi, Candrarekha,
Priyamvada, Madonmada, Madhumati, Vasanti, Kalabhasini, Ratnavali,
Manimati and Karpuralatika are among those friends (jivita-sakhi) for whom
Srimati Radharani is as dear as life.
Kasturi, Manojna, Manimanjari, Sindura, Candanavati,
Kaumudi and Madira are among Sriamti Radharani's eternal friends (nitya-sakhi).
Ananga-manjari, Rupa-manjari, Rati-manjari,
Lavanga-manjari, Raga-manjari, Rasa-manjari, Vilasa-manjari, Prema-manjari,
Mani-manjari, Suvarna-manjari, Kama-manjari, Ratna-manjari,
Kasturi-manjari, Gandha-manjari, Netra-manjari, Sripadma-manjari,
Lila-manjari and Hema-manjari are among Srimati Radharani's manjari
friends. Prema-manjari and Rati-manjari are both also known by the name
Srimati Radharani's worshipable deity is the sun-god,
who enlivens the lotus flowers and acts as an eye for the entire world.
Srimati Radharani's maha-mantra is the name of Lord Krsna. Srimati
Radharani's benefactor, who brings Her all good fortune, is Bhagavati
In Radharani's garden is a vine of golden jasmine
flowers that She has named Tadidvalli ("the vine of lightning").
Her private lake bears Her own name (Radha-kunda) and on the shore of that
lake is a kadamba tree that is the site of very confidential talks between
Her and Lord Krsna.
Her favorite ragas are mallara and dhanasri and Her
favorite dances are chalikya and rudravallaki.
Srimati Radharani's glorious birth occured on the
eighth day of the bright moon in the month of Bhadra. Although generally
not full on that day, the moon appeared full to celebrate Radharani's
appearance in this world. (SSRKGD)
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is Sri Krsna, the Supreme Personality
of Godhead. It is therefore said, sri-krsna-caitanya, radha-krsna nahe
anya: "Two personalities--Srimati Radharani and Sri Krsna--are combined in the incarnation of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu." (CC Madhya 5.142-143p)
it is said: Sri Radha is known as Devi, Krsnamayi,
Supreme Goddess in whom all Laksmis reside;
Her beauty and charm defeat that of all others.
In a supplement to the Rg-veda
it is said: Among all people, Radhika and
Madhava together are the most beautiful. In
the Matsya-purana: In
Varanasi, She is known as Sri Visalaksi, and
in Purusottama-ksetra, She is called Sri Vimala. In Dvaraka, She is Sri
Rukmini, and as the queen of the Vrndavana forest,
She is called Sri Radha.
In the Ujjvala-nilamani,
a statement taken from the Padma-purana
says: Just as Sri Radha
is the most beloved of Sri Krsna, similarly Sri Radha-kunda is also very
dear. Among all the gopis,
Sri Radha is the dearest lover of Sri Krsna.
is said: Sri Radhika’s body is composed of maha-bhava.
The greatest of all saktis
is the hladini-sakti.
Therefore it is called maha-sakti.
Of that, the essence is madana,
which is the zenith of maha-bhava.
Sri Radha is the embodiment
of that highest maha-bhava. This
conclusion is well established.
In the Gopalottara-tapani,
She is glorified as Gandharva. This
daughter of Vrsabhanu has a very beautiful
form and wears 16 items of beautification (srngara)
and 12 types of ornaments (abharana).
An example concerning Her beautiful form is given in Ujjvala-nîlamani,
wherein Sri Krsna
says, "O Radhe! The locks of Your hair curl beautifully, and You
have a lotus-like face with elongated restless eyes. Your chest is
adorned with lovely large and firm breasts.
Your waist is attractively slender, Your head is bowed slightly in
modesty, and Your fingernails are like rows
of jewels. Your beautiful form is a festival of elegance
and sweetness that crushes the vanity of the three worlds."
Concerning Her sixteen items of beautification, Subala
says to Sri Krsna, "After bathing, Sri Radhika
decorates the tip of Her nose with an effulgent jewel. She dresses
in blue clothing, with a sash (nivibandhana)
around Her waist. Her hair is plaited and
She wears ornaments on Her ears. Her limbs are
smeared with camphor, musk and sandal paste.
She wears flowers in Her hair and a garland around Her neck. In Her
hand She playfully carries a lotus flower. In Her
mouth She has tambula, and
on Her chin a dot of musk. She wears kajjala
around Her eyes and on Her cheeks are
muskpaintings of dolphins, etc. The bottoms
of Her lotus feet are painted red and She wears tilaka
on Her forehead."
Concerning Her twelve ornaments, Subala says, "Sri
Radhika wears a diamond on Her head, golden
earrings on Her ears, and tiny golden bells around Her hips. A golden
locket hangs around Her neck. She wears a cakri-salaka
(an elaborate ornament that encircles the
entire ear and fastens at the top) over
Her ears, bangles on Her hands, and a
necklace around Her throat. There are rings on Her fingers and a
group of star-like necklaces on Her bosom. She is adorned with jewelled
armlets, jewelled ankle bells and radiant toe
rings. She is very beautiful wearing these twelve ornaments."
Sri Radha’s age is in the middle of the kaisora
period. Just as previously, Krsna’s age
was increased by half again, so Radha’s age is
increased to 14 years, 2 months and 15 days.
She has a strong feeling that Krsna belongs to Her (madiyata-bhava),
as well as madhu-sneha (a
very sweet affectionate mood). Her love for Krsna is pure, powerful and
lasting, and She has various kunjas
for Her pastimes with Him. Her home is in
Yavatagrama, Her mother’s name is Kirtida,
and Her father’s Vrsabhanu. Her husband’s name
is Abhimanyu, Durmukha is Her brother-in-law, Jatila
is Her mother-inlaw, and Kutila is Her
sister-in-law. Just as Sri Krsna always exists as the nayaka
Sri Radhika is forever the principal nayika
Sri Radha’s sakhis
are of five types: sakhi,
nitya-sakhi, prana-sakhi, priya-sakhi, and
Vindhya, Dhanistha and others are known as sakhis.
Kasturika, Mani Manjari,
etc., are known as nitya-sakhis.
Sasimukhi, Vasanti, Lasika, etc.,
are known as prana-sakhis.
These gopis usually
have forms (or natures) similar to Sri Radha.
Kurangaksi, Sumadhya, Madanalasa,
Kamala, Madhuri, Manjukesi, Kandarpasundari,
Madhavi, Malati, Kamalata and Sasikala,
etc., are priya-sakhis.
Lalita, Visakha, Citra, Campakalata,
Tungavidya, Indulekha, Rangadevi and Sudevi
are the parama-prestha-sakhis.
These eight gopis are
chief amongst them all. They are worthy of
being yuthesvaris (group
leaders) themselves, but because they love Radha
so much, they would rather be Her sakhis.